Polk County Florida

Bartow, Florida, Phosphogypsum Mountain

Hill on the Outskirts of Bartow

I spent a few days in Polk County, Florida, recently. As I drove into the city of Bartow, I was surprised to see these hills in the otherwise extremely flat lands of central Florida. To get a closer look at the hills, I turned off into a one-lane road that runs back about a half mile to the foot of one of the hills. As my car approached about a half dozen deer ran up the grass-covered hill.

When I got back to my desk, I did a little research and found the interesting website of Florida Industrial and Phosphate Research Institute where they describe the source of these hills in their article, “Phosphate and How Florida Was Formed.” That story includes the following:

Florida is blessed with a bountiful supply of phosphate that primeval seas deposited here millions of years ago. The phosphate comes from sediment that was deposited in layers on the sea floor. The phosphate rich sediments are believed to have formed from precipitation of phosphate from seawater along with the skeletons and waste products of creatures living in the seas.

And goes on to say:

In the early 1800s, it was learned that phosphorus promotes growth in plants and animals. At first, bones, which contain the element phosphorus, were used as an agricultural fertilizer. Today, phosphate rock provides fertilizer’s phosphorus.

Those beautiful hills are actually massive piles of waste materials called phosphogypsum that are left over from the fertilizer manufacturing process. Some of those hills are as high as 200 feet and cover up to 400 acres each. 

Old Polk County Courthouse, Bartow

Old Polk County Courthouse, Bartow, Florida, now home to the Polk County Historical Museum.

Bartow is the County Seat of Polk County. One of my first stops was the old County Courthouse, that was constructed in 1908, 1909, and has been added to the U.S. National Register of Historic Places. I’d love it if you checked out my other courthouse photos on my photo site at AllenForrest.com.

Charlie Smith was 137 when he died

Charlie Smith was 137 when he died…at least, that’s what he claimed. And his tombstone assures that no one will forget. Wildwood Cemetery. Southwest side of, Bartow, Florida

No visit to Bartow would be complete without a visit to Wildwood Cemetery to view the grave of the country’s oldest man. (A fact that is disputed by most folks.) So, here is my photo from that visit. I found that cemetery interesting in the fact that the photo below shows how close it is to a pasture where you can see cattle grazing. A 2019 study showed that Polk County’s cattle population exceeded 60,000.

Wildwood Cemetery. Southwest side of Bartow, Florida.

Wildwood Cemetery. Southwest side of Bartow, Florida. Note the cattle grazing on the other side of the fence.

Bartow is the county seat of Polk County but Lakeland is the largest city in the county. Publix Supermarkets, an employee-owned corporation has one of its largest distribution centers in Lakeland. I shot the photo of the water tower below across the highway from its baked goods factory in Lakeland.
Note the birthday-cake design of that tower. I haven’t been there at night to see its lighted candles. If you have a shot of that tower at night, I would love to add it to this post.

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Publix Birthday Cake Water Tower

The Clonts Building in Lakeland was constructed in 1903 and is one of the city’s oldest commercial buildings. It has been home to a variety of businesses over the years and its distinctive tower has become a city landmark.

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Clonts, 1903 Building

Occasionally, as I travel around the southeastern United States, I run across an old outdoor movie theater that is still in operation. I try to photograph those theaters when I see them. Below is a drive-in on the outskirts of Lakeland.  Established in 1948, The Silvermoon is the last remaining drive-in of Polk County, Florida.

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Silver Moon Drive-In, Lakeland

Another interesting stop in Polk County is at the Mulberry Phosphate Museum in the town of Mulberry. Unearthed in 2012 during phosphate mining operations, this Manchester steam locomotive from the 1880s that was used in transporting phosphate rock is now displayed at the Mulberry Phosphate Museum.

Manchester 4-4-0 steam locomotive from the 1880s

Manchester 4-4-0 steam locomotive from the 1880s

I stopped in the Polk County small city of Fort Meade to check out the Fort Meade Historical Museum where I shot these photos of old farm equipment including the two below.

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McCormick Dearing 10-20 Tractor, at Fort Meade Historical Museum

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Fort Meade Farm Equipment at Fort Meade Florida Railroad Depot

I hope to get back to Polk County later in 2022 to see the town of Frostproof, Lake Wales and more. I’ll post photos from that trip here.

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How to Talk Like a New-Englander

My 1980 photo of Morrissey Blvd, Dorchester, on my way into Boston after snow storm.

After reading “Ahead of Fenway Bowl, SMU players struggle to define Boston terms” by Trevor Hass regarding visiting college football players from around the country visiting Boston for the 2021 Fenway Bowl football game, I became interested in compiling more information about the unusual phrases that I grew up with in the Boston area and my several weeks each year on the coast of Maine.

Here are a few examples from that piece:

One player guessed “packie” meant a gun and another said “something you carry.” Two players did correctly identify it as a liquor store.

Next up, one player inferred that “bubbler” meant soda and and another agreed it was “a pop.” A fellow SMU player believed bubbler was “a beer,” but a teammate corrected him. “No, it’s a water fountain,” he said. “I literally just said it.”

One said “Dunks” meant “skateboarding shoes,” but a few others realized it was short for Dunkin’ in Massachusetts.

When prompted with the word “wicked,” one player said “wicked stupid.”

Here are some others from The Daily Meal by Matt Sulem:

Shout-out to all the Mainers out there! If you’ve ever visited America’s easternmost state, or simply read a Stephen King novel, you might know that folks from Maine have another way of agreeing or saying yes: “ ayuh. Just be sure, for true accuracy, to pronounce the “A” as if you’re saying the name of the letter. This term is one of the most Maine things you can possibly say, along with telling someone (while giving directions): “You can’t get there from here.”

Although you might be just as likely to hear a submarine sandwich in New England called a “sub” as anywhere else, New England has an additional term: “grinder.” No, not the dating/social networking app, but a New England word that either referred to the Italian-American slang term for a dock worker or the fact that it took a lot of chewing to eat the hard crust of the bread. It’s worth noting that some only use the term grinder for a hot sandwich — using sub for other large sandwiches — and some call them all grinders.

June 24, 2015, was a historic day for New Englanders: It was the day “Masshole” was added to the Oxford English Dictionary and became an official word. Of course, in this region, it’s been a common portmanteau for some time, as there’s no better way to describe the rushing, tailgating, aggressive style of Massachusetts drivers. And it’s not just an insult, as some natives wear the term as a badge of pride. Back in 1996, the Boston Globe helped in the coinage of the word in an article titled “Attitudinal Dynamics of Driving.” The story began by giving an example situation for local drivers, asking them to think about what they’d do if approaching an intersection full of people as the light turned yellow. The very first option? “Floor it, weave around pedestrians, and flip a finger as you do.” That, ladies and gents, is a true Masshole. But hey, this style of driving isn’t without its advantages. As a local bumper sticker reminds other cars: “If you drove like a Masshole, you’d be home by now.”

A “package store” is one that sells bottles of liquor and wine, a term that dates back to the post- Prohibition laws that stated liquor and wine must be packaged up after being purchased and not carried openly in public. Although this wording is used in both New England and parts of the South, the former region owns the slang term “packie,” because people there like to give nicknames to everything and everyone.

You call it a traffic circle or a roundabout; New Englanders call it a “rotary.” We get it. And with all the rotaries in New England, locals have earned the right to make up their own name.

When you use the interstates as much as New Englanders do, you’re bound to run into your share of state troopers out there policing the roads. Of course, few people refer to them by the full, proper name, opting for the nickname “statie” or “statey” instead.

[I wonder why Massachusetts calls them “state” police when, in fact, Massachusetts is not a state. Its a commonwealth. I guess if they were called commonwealth police, we would call them “commies.”]

From what I gather, substituting the word “tonic” for “soda” is beginning to die out. However, this is still a thing with which many New Englanders are familiar. And it’s not only used as a substitute for club soda or seltzer; it can refer to cola and other sodas, too. Personally,  I’m just thankful they don’t call it “pop.”

While most of the English-speaking world would use “wicked” only when referring to something evil (after all, it emerged as a pseudo-swear word from Puritan times), New Englanders use it as an alternative to the word “very.” As in, “Wicked is a wicked fun word to say.” Sure, the occasional outsider might utilize the expression from time to time, but nobody takes it as seriously as those in New England. If you refuse to accept that, you at least won’t be able to deny that only people in New England use the term “wicked pissah” for something especially great.

In New England, if you want to order a milkshake, you’ll need to ask for a “frappe.” Request a “milkshake” and you’ll just end up with milk and syrup blended together, without any added ice cream. In order to get that frozen goodness, you’ll have to ask for a frappe. But don’t get all fancy and call it a “fra-pay” or “frappé” like you’re from France though; in New England, it’s pronounced “frap.”

People in northern states tend to take for granted how beautiful changing leaves are. In fact, it can be somewhat of an annoyance to them, as out-of-state tourists will annually invade their territory to watch this fall event. New Englanders got so annoyed that they created a term for these types of travelers: “leaf-peepers” or sometimes just “leafers.”

If you ask directions when going the wrong way, most locals would tell you to make a U-turn. In New England (especially Boston), you might hear someone instead instruct you to “bang a uey.” As in, “ Fenway Pahk Bang a uey and head down the road a piece.”

[We always used the phrase “Hang a uey” for making a U-Turn. Apparently, “Bang” has replaced the word “Hang.”]

Elastic is a word almost always associated with clothing. An elastic band, for instance, is what keeps sweat pants or gym shorts from falling down. However, in New England, “an elastic” is a rubber band. You might occasionally hear it called an “elastic band” (like they apparently say in England, according to our resident Brit), but just saying “elastic” will do the job.

And from Timeout.com:

The Dot (n.): Dorchester, where that stereotypical Boston accent basically originated.

The Garden (n.): TD Garden, (f/k/a Boston Garden) where the Celtics and Bruins play.

Jimmies (n.): chocolate sprinkles for your ice cream.

OFD (adj.): Originally from Dorchester (i.e. The Wahlbergs); a badge of honor for townies.

The Pike (n.): the Massachusetts Turnpike (I-90), which runs between the city and Western Mass.

Southie (n.): South Boston, a historically Irish-American neighborhood where well-paid yuppies and townies now coexist.

The T (n.): the MBTA (f/k/a MTA,) our public transit system and favorite thing to complain about.

If you know of any words or phrases that I am missing, I would love it if you would post them in the “Leave a Reply” section below.

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